The Basics of Forex Trading
 
Here are some basic definitions regarding Forex Trading:
 
What is Trader
A Forex trader is an individual who is buying and selling currencies in order to make a profit.
 
What is a Trading Platform
A trading platform consist software and hardware and provides the ability to trade using a personal computer. A trading platforms may be manual and / or automated.
 
What is Lot
Lot in Forex is the smallest volume of a transaction.
 
What is Pip or Point
A pip in Forex is the minimum change in a currency price.
 
What is Quotation
Quotation is the price of a particular currency, expressed in the units of another currency.
 
What is Leverage
Leverage in Forex means the ratio of capital leverage used by traders when trading currencies. In Forex market capital leverage is usually 1:100 but it can be set up to 1:500 even more.
 
What is Hedging
Hedging is the strategic procedure which helps traders to reduce their portfolio risk using multiple financial instruments like derivatives.
 
What is Scalping
Scalping trading in Forex is the strategy of selling currencies and gaining profits by tiny changes of the currencies price level. Some Forex brokers allow scalping others don’t.
 

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What is Short Position
A Forex trader “short” the market when he opens a selling position.
 
What is Slippage
Slippage is the execution of an order for a price different than expected. Slippage may occur based on a fast market or a low speed broker.
 
What is Spot
A spot transaction is carried out at once but the payment is made within two days.
 
What is Spread
Spread is the difference between the buying and the selling price of a currency. The trading spread is a very important variant when trading on Forex and it is measured by pips.
 
What is Stop Loss
It is a very important order when trading. A stop loss order is a predefined price level where a trader is determined to closes his positions and thus limits his trading losses.
 
What is Thin Market
Thin market is called a market with low market activity / liquidity.
 
What is Liquidation of a Position
Liquidation means closing a trading position.
 
What is Liquid Currency
A liquid currency may be bought / sold without any limitations.
 
What isa Long Position
Long positions are buying positions on a currency rate. In the Forex market, the primary currency when bought is long and the other is short.
 
What is Profit
Profit is the positive outcome of a particular transaction.
 
What is VPS (Virtual Private Server)
VPS is a virtual environment of trading Forex without unexpected interruptions.
 

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What is Carry Trade
Carry trade in Forex, means keeping a position with a positive overnight interest return.
 
What is Clearing
Clearing is the trade settlement procedure.
 
What isa Collateral
Collateral is the trader deposit held as insurance.
 
 

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What is Trading Commission
Commissions are charged by brokers for their services. In Forex brokers are not charging commissions as they profit from the offering spread.
 
What is Confirmation
Confirmation of a trend in technical analysis means that a particular forecast is confirmed and usually it signals a profitable trade.
 
What is an Exchange Rate
It is the rate of buying / selling one Forex currency for another currency.
 
 

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The Basics of Forex Trading